Dyslexia and Reading and Writing (Literacy)
You might be wondering what reading and writing have to do with speech or language? What is literacy? What is dyslexia? Believe it or not, you begin to learn language from the very start of infancy. You learn to use language to express your feelings and communicate with others at an extremely early age. Early speech and language development include learning skills that are important to the development of literacy. Pre-literacy skills can include learning how sounds make words, sharing a story-book with a parent, building memory…the list goes on and on.
Literacy is your ability to read and write. Both of these skills are important in nearly everything we do. Research indicates that in school, children with speech or language disorders are more likely to struggle with literacy skills. They often have difficulty with reading, and have difficulty with understanding and expressing their language. Dyslexia is classified as a specific language based learning disability.
Some adults may also have literacy difficulties. Adults may continue to struggle with reading and writing from childhood. Speech-language pathologists or educational therapists trained with a focus in literacy and dyslexia are able to assess and treat children and adults that have these difficulties in the development of literacy. New research proves that treatment for dyslexia can actually change brain patterns. While there is no cure for dyslexia, therapy can help improve literacy ability.
What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Adopted by the Board of Directors of the International Dyslexia Association: November 12, 2002
At SpeechAbility, we are able to evaluate and analyze what specific components of reading and literacy are in need of repair. For intervention and therapy, we use a program tailored to the needs of the client. Please look on this website for information on Dylexia's "Big Five". Allison has trained using the Lindamood-Bell Seeing Stars and LiPS programs, the Barton Reading and Spelling System, and the Orton-Gillingham method. These programs use structured, multi-sensory language which is the approach recommended by the International Dyslexia Association and address each of the criteria in the National Reading Panel's "Big Five".
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