articulation & phonology
You may have heard the terms "articulation disorder" or "phonological disorder". You might be wondering what these are and if there is a difference between the two. In a nutshell…YES!
Articulation is the way we say our sounds or "articulate" our words. Articulation disorders often involve substitution of one sound for another, slurring of speech, or indistinct speech. For example: substituting one sound for another might include a /w/ for an /r/. Have you ever heard a child say "wed" for "red"?
SpeechAbility, LLC also has full access to the SpeechBuddy tools. Ask me about how these tools may improve your child's articulation skills!
What are Speech Buddies Tools? "Speech Buddies are a set of revolutionary tools to help children overcome speech difficulties. By teaching correct tongue positioning for the five most difficult sounds – R, S, L, CH, and SH – children learn and feel how to correct a problem sound. Speech Buddies were designed by a team of expert speech-language pathologists and engineers from MIT & Columbia Universities." Go to: http://www.speechbuddy.com to find out more on how these tools may improve your child's speech.
The American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA, 2008) also provides the following definition: "problems producing specific age-expected speech sounds. Sounds can be distorted, deleted, or added (e.g., yes may be produced yeth if the child has difficulty articulating the sound /s/.) The underlying cause of an articulation disorder is in the motor movements required for accurate sound production. These may be functional (intact oral mechanism, no neurological damage) or organic (mechanism challenged in some way and/or neurological damage.)"
You can find a speech milestone chart under my "Milestones" tab. Click on "Sound Development" and find at what age your child should master each sound.
A phonological process disorder simply refers to the patterns of speech sounds. For example, your child might be leaving off most of their final sounds (consonants) in words. An example would be saying "ca" for "cat" or "du" for "duck". They most likely can produce the /t/ sound in "cat" or "/k/ sound in "duck" without difficulty but the are using the pattern of leaving off final sounds.
ASHA defines a phonological processes disorder as "patterns or error of sound use in a child's speech and language repertoire. The underlying difficulty relates to the rules of language that govern the sound system. Variant rules may be seen in a limited number of sounds in the child's inventory, problems with sound combinations and syllable shapes, and/or difficulties in pronouncing linguistic markers such as plural and past tense markers."
Although this type of speech disorder can be more complicated to explain, a good speech therapist can teach you specifics about your child's phonology disorder. A complete phonological processes chart can be found under the "Milestones" tab. Click on "Phonology Processes" and find what age your child should master each speech pattern.
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Speech Buddy Tools Can Be Used as a Resource to Actually Help Improve Speech Sounds Faster than Traditional Speech.
What a Client Says
"Our son, Sam, has Down syndrome and has worked with Allison as his SLP. Since Sam was born, one of the primary terms we hear is "advocate", with the focus being on our need to be Sam's advocate. We are pleased to point to someone else who stepped in to be Sam's advocate, Ms. Winters. She had already impressed us several times while she was working with Sam. One particular improvement that we saw, and that has continued, is that Sam is working hard to finish the last syllable in words." --Rachel O.